Churchill., Winston - REF.BY

 
 

 

Churchill., Winston
Every country has it's own great people: scientists, poets and writers, politicians, musicians, composers and actors. But I would like to tell you about the great British politician Sir Winston Churchill. Winston Leonard Churchill was without doubt the ruling figure in British politics during the 1st half of the 20th century. He was born in 1874. His mother was American, the daughter of a New York businessman; his father belonged to an English aristocratic family. He was given the typical education of that period for the person of his background. From 1895 until 1899 he combined the jobs of soldier and journalist in Cuba, India and Sudan. In 1899 he resigned from the army and began his political career. He was an active and popular member of the Conservative Party, but later he changed his political views and joined the Liberal Party. He won many political victories and had as many failures. In 1910 he became Home Secretary, but he lost some of his popularity when he used the army to help the police put down the miners' strike. For some years he was out of office and spent his time writing and painting. In the twentieth he returned to Conservative Party. In 1924 he was elected to Parliament. In 1940 Churchill was appointed Prime Minister. He formed a coalition government with the war cabinet of five; he was Prime Minister until 1945. He returned once more as Prime Minister in 1951. Highly regarded as a painter, Churchill also received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953 for his account of the Second World War. He predicted that an "Iron Curtain" would divide Europe from north to south and this left his mark on the period of the Cold War. He died in London in 1965.

 

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